Cardiac or heart surgery is performed to correct various problems affecting the heart. The most common type of cardiac surgery is coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), a surgical procedure to bypass blocked coronary arteries and improve blood flow to the heart in cases of severe coronary heart disease. Other frequently performed operations include repair or replacement of the heart valves, widening of narrowed coronary arteries with small tubes called stents (coronary angioplasty) and implantation of various electrical devices to control the heartbeat (pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators).
Results for cardiac surgery are often excellent, reducing symptoms of angina and heart disease and improving quality of life and overall life expectancy.
With a wide range of modern hospitals and expert cardiac surgeons available worldwide, medical tourism offers UK patients an attractive and cost-effective alternative to NHS waiting lists or costly private procedures at home.